Footnotes

The following are the footnotes for my Medium article about the Trump Presidential Library:

  1. It is well-documented that foreign governments have contributed heavily to several presidential libraries, and we have every reason to expect that the 45th president will not break this precedent.
  2. The George W. Bush Foundation originally planned to open the library on September 11; its “September 11/Afghanistan/Iraq/War on Terror” exhibit is as large as all of its other themed exhibits combined. And the George H.W. Bush Library exhibit on the 1990–1991 Gulf War also dominates the museum, stretching across at least four rooms.
  3. Former presidents have a long history of doing so, even for their electoral rivals.
  4. President Clinton said this precise line in his remarks at the opening of the George W. Bush Library in April, 2013.
  5. This is exactly what Richard Nixon did at Camp Pendleton, the Marine Corps base adjacent to his Western White House; had he not resigned from office in disgrace, he would have built his library on this illegally obtained parcel of priceless federal property.
  6. The community of Cambridge, Massachusetts rejected the Kennedy Library, on a site near Harvard that JFK personally selected shortly before his death. The library later was built on landfill in Dorchester, a good distance away.
  7. Several universities have rejected presidential libraries, including Duke (Nixon) and Stanford (Reagan); Southern Methodist University accepted the George W. Bush Library over the strong objections of some of the faculty and students, as well as Methodists across the country.
  8. While still a Member of Congress, Gerald Ford promised his papers to his alma mater, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. After leaving office, Ford placed his presidential library there, but built his presidential library museum 168 miles away, in his hometown of Grand Rapids.
  9. The Obama Foundation has estimated that the Obama Library in Chicago will receive 800,000 visitors annually, more than five times the average that the existing presidential libraries welcome — and more than the highest-attended presidential library in any given twelve-month period (the Eisenhower Library, in the year following his death in 1969)
  10. This is what Herbert Hoover did, removing his presidential records from the Hoover Institution at Stanford and depositing them at his presidential library in West Branch, Iowa.
  11. I.M. Pei’s glass pyramid at the Louvre adorned his original design for the Kennedy Library.
  12. Lyndon Johnson actually did this.
  13. While President Obama has claimed that he will not “fundraise” while in office, the Obama Foundation has continued to accept large donations, even from those with whom President Obama has dined privately at the White House, and asked for their assistance in planning his library and foundation.
  14. This bizarre situation occurs at several presidential libraries, going all the way back to the Truman.
  15. This inappropriate circumstance is nowhere more evident or egregious than at the Kennedy Library.
  16. The most extreme example of this can be found at the Reagan Library — the most expensive admission fee of all the presidential libraries.
  17. The Reagan Library Foundation raises tens of millions of dollars, but gives none of it to the National Archives — ostensibly the operator of the Reagan Library.
  18. The Clinton Library exhibit begins with his inauguration, and unlike all of his predecessors’, there is virtually no exhibit on his pre-presidential life. The George W. Bush Library exhibit substantially begins with the 2000 election, and it, too, ignores the rest of his life.
  19. This is how the GWB Library treats the extraordinary 2000 election.
  20. While several presidential libraries have these “decision” exhibits, none takes it to the extreme chip-on-his-shoulder defensiveness that the GWB Library does in its Decision Points Theater, pointing out why the audience is wrong if it decides differently from how he did as The Decider.
  21. From its opening in 1990 until a recent renovation in 2011, the Reagan Library exhibit did not include even a mention of the Iran-Contra affair, which almost took down his presidency. Now, there is a small exhibit, minimizing the scandal and removing any blame from President Reagan.
  22. The Nixon Library’s original Watergate exhibit — co-written by Nixon himself — placed the blame on Democrats, and claimed the president had done nothing wrong.
  23. The Clinton Library exhibit on his extramarital affair with Monica Lewinsky and impeachment on perjury to a grand jury and obstruction of justice casts the blame on his political rivals, contending that they tried to accomplish with the trial what they could not do at the ballot box, and is titled, “The Fight for Power.”
  24. In 2010, the Obamas undertook an unprecedented redesign of the Oval Office, which, presumably, would be recreated in the Obama Library.
  25. This is what happened at the LBJ Library.
  26. While most presidential libraries boast room re-creations, the Hoover Library includes a replica of one of his rooms in his suite at the Waldorf Astoria.
  27. George W. Bush did this, with his signing of Executive Order 13233.
  28. Shortly after representatives of the George W. Bush administration visited the Reagan Library to vet John Roberts for his nomination to the Supreme Court, some of his records there vanished.
  29. The law allows a former president “consultation” on the selection of the first director of a library, but specifically does not grant the president — nor his assigns — veto over the candidate. The most recent example of the National Archives granting this extra-legal authority to former presidents and their foundations is with the selection of the current Nixon Library director.
  30. This happened during the George W. Bush administration.
  31. This happened during the George H.W. Bush administration.
  32. After (or perhaps before?) granting President Bush the deal that later was deemed by a federal court to have been illegal, then-Archivist Don Wilson accepted a job offer from President Bush, to run his presidential library foundation.
  33. This happened at the George W. Bush Presidential Library.
  34. According to the George W. Bush Library, there is one archivist systematically processing the tens of millions of pages of records — a process that works considerably more quickly to release records than the years-long FOIA process — and ten archivists responding to FOIA requests.
  35. This is an actual FOIA request to the George W. Bush Library, and the library’s actual response.
  36. The official estimate for presidential libraries beginning with Ronald Reagan’s is that each library’s records will take 100 years to process and open.
  37. Several presidential libraries have private suites for the president, including the Eisenhower, Reagan, and Clinton.
  38. According to longtime National Archives staff, neither Ronald Reagan nor Nancy Reagan ever visited the Reagan archives, located just steps inside the entrance to the Reagan Library.